Civil Law

Civil law contains the rules for private rights and remedies and governs formal disputes between
individuals and companies. Civil law is separate from criminal law since the purpose of civil law is to obtain a remedy between two or more persons such a court order for damages or an injunction.

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Civil Procedure

Civil procedure describes the procedure that courts follow to make decisions on civil lawsuits, as opposed to criminal procedures for criminal law matters. The Civil Procedure Rules may require parties in a formal court dispute to take certain actions or measures prior to or during the course of legal proceedings. 

Court Enforcement

When a court has come to a judgment on the issue or dispute there will likely be a court order issued to the parties providing instructions on what the parties must do and by when. If a court order provides direction for a party to the order to pay damages and this is not done the other party can seek to enforce the order using court enforcement. 

Third-party Debt Order

A third-party debt order is a court order that allows you to obtain payment from a third party (for example, a bank) who holds money or assets of the person or business that owes you money. This is a method used to obtain an outstanding debt usually from an uncooperative debtor. 

Interim Charging Order

This is a court order to prevent an individual from selling their property before the final order can be made without informing their creditors. If a court grants the creditor the final charging order, this means that if an individual were to sell their property, they must pay their creditors back out of the proceedings first. 


This is the legal status of an individual person who cannot repay their debts to creditors. The process for an individual going through bankruptcy will be processed by the Official Receiver and Insolvency Service who will assess the assets of the bankruptee and seek to satisfy debts to creditors. 

Civil Claim

A civil claim is a formal claim against one or more persons or organisations raising a legal right to compensation or relief. A claim can be made for a number of reasons including breach of contract or statutory rights, as well as to force or prevent someone from doing something by the direction of the court. 

Restraining Order

A civil restraining order is a form of injunctive relief; this is essentially an order by the court to do or not do something. A restraining order will usually be used to prevent someone from contacting the claimant or coming into a certain degree of proximity to the claimant. Breaching the order would place the defendant at risk of arrest or imprisonment and may give rise for grounds to extend the order. 

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